Alexandr Lodyzhenskii was born in 1891 in Alexandrovskoye-Chashnikovo, Zubtsovsky uezd, Tver governorate, in a Russian noble family. He was younger brother of Yurii Ilyich Lodyzhenskii. Like his older brother, Alexandr Lodyzhenskii began to work in the Russian Red Cross Society during the First World War. He was a Red Cross representative at the Caucasian Native Cavalry Division and became nobility assembly leader of the Bykhov uezd.¹

Alexandr Lodyzhenskii provided his house to plan and prepare the escape of General Kornilov and his associates, who were under arrest during the so-called “Bykhov sitting” from September to November 1917. Consequently, he helped the leadership of the future White Army to escape to the Don. With the Civil War outbreak, Alexandr Lodyzhenskii enlisted in the Armed Forces of the South of Russia (VSYuR). He first served under General Denikin as head of the office of the Ministry of Trade, and then - head of the Ministry of Trade and Industry. Lodyzhenskii fled in 1920 from Novorossiysk to Constantinople on the ship.²

After the exodus from Russia, he firstly moved to Balkans, then to France. In the summer of 1931, Alexandr Lodyzhenskii created together with his brother Yuri the Russian Labor Christian Movement (RTHD) in Switzerland. He also joined the anti-communist Aubert League.³ Being in exile, he was friends with Ilyin and his confessor, rector of the Orthodox Church in Geneva, Father Sergiy Orlov. Alexandr Lodyzhenskii published his work “The White Idea” together with other articles of Ilyin in one book. In 1938, Lodyzhensky took the post of editor of the RTHD monthly “New Way”, which published Ilyin, Shmelev and Metropolitan Anastasii (Gribanovskii).⁴

In 1939, in Geneva, he participated together with Ilyin and his brother in a meeting on the Fundamental Laws of the Russian Empire (the constitution of the new Russia). After the war, in 1945, Alexandr Lodyzhenskii moved to his brother Yuri to Switzerland. Later, in 1952, Alexandr left for Brazil with his family. There he created the anti-communist center “Conference of Orthodox National Activists” and helped to organize an orthodox parish in the name of St. Sergius. Alexandr supported the publication of the bulletin “Faith and Fidelity”. Alexandr Lodyzhenskii died July 2, 1954 in Sao Paulo.
Alexandr Ilyich Lodyzhenskii (1890-1954)

Alexander Ilyich Lodyzhensky

[1] Ofitsery RIA. ‘Lodyzhenskiy Aleksandr Il’ich’. Ofitsery RIA, 18 August 2020.Лодыженский_Александр_Ильич.
[2] Semonova, Yelena. ‘Al’bom Russkoy Slavy. 4. Yuriy Lodyzhenskiy’. Zhurnal ‘Golos Epokhi’, 3 October 2015.
[3] Bogatyrova, Lyudmila, and Potr Bazanov. ‘Russkaya emigratsiya o grazhdanskoy voyne 1917-1922 godov’. Vestnik RKHGA, no. 1 (2018): 23–31.
[4] Bazanov, Potr. ‘Izdatel’skaya deyatel’nost’ politicheskikh organizatsiy russkogo zarubezh’ya na primere “Russkogo trudovogo khristianskogo dvizheniya”’. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Problemy poligrafii i izdatel’skogo dela, no. 1 (2006): 123–31.
[5] But’ko, Lyudmila, and Ol’ga Lepeshkina. Problemy konstitutsionnogo prava Rossii. Krasnodar: Problemy konstitutsionnogo prava Rossii, 2017.
[6] Semonova, Yelena. ‘Al’bom Russkoy Slavy. 4. Yuriy Lodyzhenskiy’. Zhurnal ‘Golos Epokhi’, 3 October 2015.
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